Magedong Gedongan Ceremony
Megedong-Gedongan is a Balinese Hindu Manusa Yadnya ceremony in a series of traditional pregnancy ceremonies where the meeting of Kama Jaya (Sperm) and Kama Ratih (Ovum) creates a human form in the form of a baby. Magedong-gedongan comes from the word “gedong” which means “gua garba“. Gua means the door that is inside, garba means stomach so this ceremony is also called the “Garbha Wedana” ceremony.
The Megedong-Gedongan ceremony is the first ceremony aimed at the baby in the mother’s womb when he is 5 months old in the Balinese calendar (approximately 7 months in the masehi calendar). At that age, the baby is considered to have a more perfect form and has a human form. The Megedong-Gedongan ceremony has the aim of purifying the baby in the womb. The Balinese Hindu community believes that by carrying out this ceremony, the baby in the womb is not easily aborted (abortion). This ceremony also aims to strengthen the child and the mother so that the delivery goes smoothly. Besides, the baby is expected after birth to have a noble character, become a useful child for the family, society, and country, and always be given safety in life.
The steps for carrying out the Megedong-Gedongan ceremony, starting with the mother being bathed (in the form of a shower) then continuing with mabyakala and payascita. Next the mother will bring the main offering of this ritual which resembles a gedong. This gedong is a symbol of the mother’s belly which depicts the baby and his siblings. Banten in the form of this gedong which will later be arranged by the mother. The mother also carried taro leaves filled with water and live fish. The husband gripped the thread and held the pointed bamboo. Then the husband will shift the thread and stick the pointed bamboo into the taro leaf that the wife is carrying until the water and fish on the leaves spill. After the procession is complete, prayers are held to ask God for salvation. Finally, this ceremony will be closed with a blessing and natab.
Although it is a culture of one tribe, namely the Balinese tribe, the implementation of the Megedong-Gedongan ceremony in each region in Bali varies greatly. This is very dependent on the ceremonial habits that develop in the traditional village community.